when was the curtain theatre built

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In 1607 The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. [3] Little is known of the companies that performed there, or of the plays they performed. . [17], In May 2016, excavators announced that the theatre was purpose-built and, unusually, was a rectangle (measuring 22×25 metres) rather than being round or polygonal. [18] The theatre had timber galleries with mid and upper areas for wealthier audience members, and a courtyard made from compacted gravel for those with less to spend. This raised the question of whether the bird whistle was merely a Tudor toy or a prop for plays that needed sound effects. The Curtain was the neighbour of the Theatre and one of the first theatres in London. It stayed open for forty five years, closing in 1622. Built in 1577, the Curtain Theatre played host to Shakespeare's earliest plays including the first performances of Henry V and early performances of Romeo and Juliet. The remains of the theatre were rediscovered in archaeological excavations in 2012–16. It was the venue of several of Shakespeare's plays, including Romeo and Juliet (which gained "Curtain plaudits") and Henry IV Part I and Part II. The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch was Britain’s second playhouse and home to William Shakespeare’s company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men before they moved onto the renowned Globe on South Bank. [21] Fragments of ceramic money boxes were found, which would have been used to collect entry fees from theatregoers, before being taken to an office to be smashed and the money counted: this office was known as the "box office", which is the origin of the term we use today. Thus, the suggestion is given that both proprietors were doing equal business. The Curtain was in use from 1577 until at least 1624, after which its ultimate fate is obscure as there is no record of it after 1627. In 1574, the City of London began to … From 1597 to 1599, it became the premier venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. There is no record of it after 1627. Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditchto shut down their playhouses. The Curtain Theatre takes its name from Curtain Close, the walled pasture in which the playhouse was built. The building was dismantled in 1598, and Burbage’s sons, Cuthbert and Richard, used its timbers to construct the first Globe Theatre. Otherwise, it would be very unwise of Burbage to pool profits if he did better in the first place. Little is known of the plays performed at the Curtain or of the playing companies that performed there. [25], In August 2019 the structural remains and below-ground deposits were designated a Scheduled Monument. The MoLA has found the original site on Hewett Street, a few hundred yards from another theatre found by the museum in 2008 called The Theatre. [22], Glass beads and pins were unearthed along with drinking vessels and clay pipes. The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1624.[1]. History of The Curtain Theatre Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. It was the first permanent theatre ever built in England. [27], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°31′23″N 0°4′47″W / 51.52306°N 0.07972°W / 51.52306; -0.07972, For the Glasgow theatre company of the 1930s, see, "Remains of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre discovered in Shoreditch", "Shakespeare's Curtain theatre unearthed in east London", "Curtain lifts on open-air stage at Shakespeare theatre site in Shoreditch", "500-year-old Romeo And Juliet prop found in dig at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Will theatre revelations shed light on Shakespeare's secrets? It was built in 1576 after the Red Lion, and the first successful one. Both this … University of Roehampton’s Callan Davies said: “We are honoured and incredibly excited to be able to bring performance, discussion, and community engagement to the Curtain. The Curtain was built just south of the Theatre in 1577, and was similar in construction. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made a… The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, which derived its name in turn from its proximity to the walls of Holywell Priory, a curtain wall being a section of wall between two bastions. [2][3] (The name bears no relationship to the front curtain associated with modern theatres.) The Curtain Theatre: The citizen's playhouse for high-octane drama MOLA team 30.01.2018 Today we’re able to reveal further fascinating insights into Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre, and how its shape and form led it become a true citizen’s playhouse. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. Small finds included a ceramic bird whistle; ceramic money boxes for collecting entry fees; beads probably used for decorating stage costumes; and a small statue of Bacchus. A modern plaque marks its site today, in Hewett Street off Curtain Road. The Theatre was the first purpose-built early modern playhouse and the original home of the Chamberlain's Men (later the King’s Men after 1603). Post-excavation analysis of the Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch, which staged some of Shakespeare’s plays (see CA 316), has revealed new clues to how the Elizabethan playhouse was used. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. This deal is how many believe Lanman was able to afford to open the Curtain, the rest is all very unclear. The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe Theatre, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use in 1599. The excavation revealed a 14-metre (46 ft) stage, and evidence of a tunnel under the stage and galleries at the first floor level. [15][16] In 2013 plans were submitted to develop the site with a 40-storey tower of 400 apartments, plus a Shakespeare museum, 250-seat outdoor auditorium and park, with the archaeological remains visible in a glass enclosure. History of The Curtain Henry Lanman, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 to 1592, may have been responsible for its creation. The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use (1599). The Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse in Shoreditch (in Curtain Road, part of the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. [20] In November 2016, a tunnel structure – accessed by doors on either end of the stage – was unearthed, which would have allowed actors to exit from one side and come on again from the other without being seen by the audience. [4]:63 The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. Very close geographically, they were perhaps even closer in design. Burbage's father James had shares in the theatre at the time of his death.[9]:144. [19] The galleries were straight. The Curtain was one of the 12 massive amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London In 1574 the City of London started regulating the Inn-yard activities. History of The Curtain The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain was the second such public playhouse (after The Theatre) to be built in the London environs. Shakespeare himself trod its boards and we know Romeo and Juliet was performed there. J. Leeds Barroll focuses in Shakespeare studies: An annual gathering of Research, Criticism and Reviews on the fact that Henry Lanman had offered the Curtain as an easer to James Burbage, proprietor of the Theatre. King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. [10] In 1597, people wrote to the local magistrates' court demanding that no plays take place at the Curtain or the Theatre that year. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. [11] In 1600, the Privy Council tried unsuccessfully to shut down the Curtain theatre,[4] and in 1603, the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). The Curtain, built in 1577, was only a few hundred yards from another theatre further along Curtain Road, imaginatively named the Theatre, … Little is known of the companies that performed there, or of the plays they performed. The reasons for its closure are not known. [4]:63[8] The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. [4]:62[14], In 2012, archaeologists from MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) announced that they had discovered the remains of the theatre during trial excavations. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. In 1585 Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. First off, you’d know that the Curtain playhouse had been open for a matter of years by 1579; the first references appear in 1577, so it was likely built some time around or shortly before this date (theatre history narratives tend toby ", "Did Shakespeare write Henry V to suit London theatre's odd shape? The Curtain was believed to have been built near The Theatre, but the exact location was for many years unknown. From 1597 to 1599 it became the premiere venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. Please consider making a small donation to help keep this site free. It was an outdoor open air theatre, which would have … Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. Words in the News: Shakespeare’s ‘The Curtain’ uncovered: 8 June 2012 The most significant revelation was that the Curtain was rectangular, not round. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Hewett Street, Shoreditch (within the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. [26], A reconstruction of the Curtain Theatre features in the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. [5] Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. Built in 1577, The Curtain was the second playhouse in Shoreditch, following the Theatre built the year before 200 yards to the north. Now, Londoners will have the chance to learn about Shoreditch’s Shakespearean theatrical history … Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditch to shut down their playhouses. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain was one of the 12 huge amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; He died in 1606[7] and it is assumed by Edmund Chambers that the theatre had been re-arranged into a shareholder’s enterprise before his death at some point. [4]:64 In 1607, The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. The Curtain sat just 200 yards south or south east of the capital’s first playhouse, the Theatre which opened in 1576. The stage is set at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre MOLA team 10.11.2016 As the detailed 3 month excavation of Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre comes to a close and development of The Stage gets underway, our recent discoveries are poised to completely transform our understanding of the evolution of Elizabethan theatres. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; yet at some point the theatre was re-organized into a shareholders' enterprise. The Curtain Theatre was built about a year after The Theatre in 1577. Its proprietor seems to have been one Henry Lanman, who is described as a "gentleman." ¶ Theatre Architecture Built by Henry Laneman (also known as Henry Lanman) in 1577, the Curtain arose a mere 200 yards from its neighbour, the Theatre, built the year before by James Burbage (Gurr 31; Bowsher, Shakespeare’s London Theatreland 55, 62). History of The Curtain Theatre [9]:37 The Curtain was named in John Stow's Survey of London in 1598, but was not listed in the 1603 edition. In 1603 the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). Built by longtime Shakespeare aficionado Richard Garriott (software developer and major public benefactor), the Curtain Theater will host various public performances throughout the year. [3] The high-rise residential tower block on the site is to be named "The Stage"; and the two adjacent low-rise office blocks "The Bard" and "The Hewett". Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. The ultimate fate of the Curtain is obscure. [23] The team also came across a mount and a token,[24] as well as personal items, including a bone comb. 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