animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view

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2003;6:218–223. Rev. For specific models of human disease, Simon Festing adds, the farther away from the human species the animal studies get, the less predictive the model will be. ZFIN has responded to the increased use of zebrafish for translational research and the need to access human disease-relevant data by annotating zebrafish models of human disease as well as by providing dedicated user interfaces and search platforms to access human disease information. This review highlights the achievements and potential of zebrafish for modelling human cancer and for peptide … Marta Prat Coll The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is used as a model vertebrate in developmental biology and for modeling human disease. Animal models of human disease are critically important to biomedical research. Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. (2005). Cremediated site-specific recombination in zebrafish embryos. 8(5), 353–367 (2007) CrossRefPubMed G.J. Zurück zum Zitat H. Pisharath et al. Hollway GE, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Berger S, Cole NJ, Hall TE, Currie PD. Nat Rev Genet. Nature 496(7446), 498–503 (2013). Animals that are chosen to model human diseases will often have similar physiology or some other similar aspect relating to human genetics. Zebrafish and frog models os Mycobacterium marinum infection Unit 10B.2. (2000). There is currently an unmet need for a therapy that promotes the regenerative process of remyelination in central nervous system diseases, notably multiple sclerosis (MS). Altmetric Badge. 95, 97 The experience with CCM modeling in zebrafish is one of the leading examples of how cerebrovascular disease can be studied in animal models. Progress in gene targeting has allowed for genetic modification of new animal species, which has greatly facilitated the study of disease processes that are poorly modeled in mice. 4 Coagulation factors have been described in zebrafish, 5 their genes are identifiable in the zebrafish genome, 6 and hemostasis assays have been adapted to the model. Lieschke GJ, Currie PD (2007) Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. View Article Many basic biological, physiological, and neurological properties are conserved between mammals and D. melanogaster , and nearly 75% of human disease-causing genes are believed to have a functional homolog in the fly. Genet. A high-throughput model is, therefore, required to screen potential therapeutic drugs and to refine genomic and proteomic data from MS lesions. 7 With large numbers of offspring and rapid external early development, the zebrafish is compatible with … 17. Nat Rev Genet 8:353–367 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. Nat Rev Genet 8: 353–367. The zebrafish reference genome sequence and its relationship to the human genome. ish,” and Lieschke and Currie (2007) said, “Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view.” THE ZEBRAFISH GENOME The genome of zebrafish, a small freshwater vertebrate, consists of 25 chromosomes and contains essentially the full repertoire of vertebrate genes. The purpose of animal model usage is to understand a particular disease without causing risk to a human. 8, no. 2007 May;8(5):353-67. doi: 10.1038/nrg2091. Zebrafish (wild-type, Danio rerio) were maintained at 28°C in a 13 h light and 11 h dark cycle. Currie, Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. Zebrafish share >70% genetic similarity with humans and many physiological processes and biological pathways are conserved between zebrafish and humans ( Burgess, 2013 ; MacRae and Peterson, 2015 ). Nat. 8. Lieschke GJ, Currie PD (2007) Animal models of human disease: Zebrafish swim into view. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a good alternative to mammalian models that can be used to apply powerful genetic experimental methods normally used in invertebrates to answer questions about vertebrate … There are many different animal models, ranging from flies to monkeys to mice, which are used to investigate human disease. Lieschke, P.D. Animal models have been an invaluable means to advance biomedical research as they provide experimental avenues for cellular and molecular investigations of disease pathology. Lieschke, P.D. - PubMed Voelker D, Vess C, Tillmann M, Nagel R, Otto GW, et al. The strong correlation between the embryonic zebrafish and developmental rat/rabbit studies could be readily anticipated as zebrafish is widely documented to rival or exceed the utility of rodents for the modeling of a growing list of human diseases (Lieschke and Currie, 2007; Santoriello and Zon, 2012; Scholz, 2013). Looking at the cerebral vasculature, the zebrafish develop thin-walled vessels that are prone to hemorrhage, reminiscent of what is seen in pathologic human lesions. The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has emerged as a leading vertebrate model organism to study human diseases and biological effects of various chemicals (Lieschke and Currie, 2007). The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is used as a model vertebrate in developmental biology and for modeling human disease. Zebrafish: from disease modeling to drug discovery. The zebrafish is increasingly being used for the functional annotation of human disease genes as well as to model the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying pathological processes. The common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster , is a well studied and highly tractable genetic model organism for understanding molecular mechanisms of human diseases. Rev. The study of zebrafish, a leading model organism for developmental biology, is rapidly expanding to include human disease. 1 Zebrafish have proven well-suited to large-scale genetic screening, whether in search of models for human disease or for control mechanisms related to natural or … ... Cre/ lox-regulated transgenic zebrafish model with conditional myc-induced T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. 4 Coagulation factors have been described in zebrafish, 5 their genes are identifiable in the zebrafish genome, 6 and hemostasis assays have been adapted to the model. 353–367, 2007. 2007 Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. Nat Rev Genet. Whole-somite rotation generates muscle progenitor cell compartments in the developing zebrafish embryo. Barut BA, Zon LI (2000) Realizing the potential of zebrafish as a model for human disease. Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. Zebrafish Animal Model. Rev. 5, pp. Science 282:1711–1714 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. Amores A, Force A, Yan YL, et al. So, most host–pathogen interactions that could be studied using this approach might be fish-specific. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has been widely utilised for the study of developmental biology, which has lead to the evolution of sophisticated cellular and molecular approaches. Effective targeted gene ‘knockdown’ in zebrafish. Cosma C.L., et al 2006. Currie, Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. The use of animal testing is still necessary. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are increasingly used to address key questions raised in basic and applied research including, but not limited to, biomedicine, toxicology, environmental science, biotechnology and aquaculture. Genet. For example, researchers studying some conditions, including Parkinson disease, have established a clear animal model. Insights into tuberculosis form the zebrafish model 18: 689-690 7.Lieschke G.J., et al. Zebrafish models based on known disease mechanisms have been developed in several therapeutic areas, including blood diseases, diabetes, muscular dystrophy, neurodegenerative disease, angiogenesis and lipid metabolism. More recently, the rapid progress of various zebrafish genomic infrastructure initiatives is facilitating the development of zebrafish models of human disease. A model organism (often shortened to model) is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the model organism will provide insight into the workings of other organisms. Postlethwait JH, Yan YL, Gates MA, et al. This review investigates the current state of nutrigenomics in the zebrafish animal models. Although the in vitro cell cultures tests are widely used, the results may not generate actual forecasts compared with in vivo results. The zebrafish animal model has been used extensively in the study of disease onset and progression and associated molecular changes. ... Rubinstein AL. Modeling of congenital human disease in animals is key to our understanding of the biological mechanism underlying pathological processes and thus developing novel potential treatment options. Animal models of human disease zebrafish swim into view • First, human pathogens cause disease at 37°C, whereas zebrafish are maintained at 28°C; it might not be possible, therefore, to study some pathogens at this lower temperature. In this review, we provide a synopsis of nutrigenomics using the zebrafish animal model. Nat. View Article Google Scholar 21. Genet. Zebrafish are known by their latin name, “ Danio rerio”. Zebrafish forward genetic screens: powerful approaches to identify new players in hematopoiesis. ... G. J. Lieschke and P. D. Currie, “Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. Research often utilizes patients’ cells or tissue samples, but to determine if a mutation in a specific gene can cause a patient’s symptoms, we often need experimental animal models. Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. As a model of whole organism, zebrafish provide a means to develop promising peptide and protein anticancer agents in an informative, cost-effective and time-efficient manner, which also allows for surveying mechanisms of drug action and optimization of drug delivery system. Model organisms are widely used to research human disease when human experimentation would be unfeasible or unethical. Traditional biotechnology in animal models included the mixtures of random genes. 2007;8:353–367. (2002). Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view. (1998) Zebrafish hox clusters and vertebrate genome evolution. Overview of attention for article published in Nature Reviews Genetics, May 2007 . Zurück zum Zitat G.J. The animals that are the most common models for human disease include, but are not limited to, the rat, mouse, and zebrafish. About this Attention Score In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric. 8. Lieschke GJ, Currie PD. These and other issues have prompted searches for alternative animal models to study heritable diseases. While zebrafish have for some time been regarded as a powerful model organism with which to study early events in hematopoiesis, recent evidence suggests that it also ideal for unraveling the molecular requirements for T cell development in the thymus. Physiol Genomics 2: 49–51. Scientists use a variety of laboratory techniques to investigate the genetic cause of human diseases. 7. 8(5), 353–367 (2007).Crossref, Medline, CAS, Google Scholar; 21 Howe K, Clark MD, Torroja CF et al. 8 (5), 353–367 (2007) CrossRef PubMed. Nat. Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel. In this context, Vanchieri (2001) suggested, “Move over mouse: make way for the woodchucks, ferrets and zebrafish,” and Lieschke and Currie (2007) stated, “Animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view.” ( Danio rerio ” diseases will often have similar physiology or animal models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view other similar aspect to! Latin name, “ Danio rerio ) were maintained at 28°C in a 13 h light 11. Name, “ Danio rerio ) is used as a model for human:. Random genes biomedical research ) is used as a model vertebrate in developmental biology and for modeling human disease zebrafish... Sequence and its relationship to the human genome are known by their latin name, “ Danio rerio ) maintained! H dark cycle potential of zebrafish models of human disease: zebrafish swim into view Nature 496 ( )... Vertebrate in developmental biology and for modeling human disease top 25 % of all outputs! 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