when do bass spawn in pa

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The first day of bass fishing season in Pennsylvania is a Saturday in mid-June, according to the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. Bass season. A fish is able to spawn after they've reached one year in age (they don't waste a lot of time) and exceeded 10 inches (25.4 centimeters) in length [source: Davis]. They transition to summer locations at various speeds but hang out on flats mostly. During this time period, I concentrate on points that are close to both the winter areas and the spawning areas. These types of lures will trigger more of a reaction bite then smaller baits that may just be pushed out of the nest by these female fish. For the most part, nests will accumulate at … Females deposit eggs into roughly 3-foot diameter nests created by the males in shallow water. The optimal temperature will be reached first in the southern parts of the country in early February and then work north throughout the spring months. Technically, that’s true. Water temperature is important for the spawn. The first introductions of the species outside its native range came after the construction of the Erie Canal in 1825. By 1925, bass were spread widely enough across the state that the newly created Pennsylvania Board of Fish Commissioners included them among the first daily creel limits set in the state. Threadfin and gizzard shad are common and prolific baitfish that spawn when the water temperatures reach the upper 60s at or around the time of a full moon. During the prespawn, crappie often will hold on these brush shelters on points that lead into creeks where they’ll spawn. The best pre-spawn bass fishing lures at the point just prior to spawning are reaction baits. It doesn’t re-open until June 16. Sometimes bass fishermen build brush shelters at the mouths of creeks on points. Bass spawning season is very predictable, because bass do the same thing every year in three basic stages. Smallmouth bass spawn in May through early June, when water temperatures are in the 60- to 70-degree range. The bass spawn is when bass lay, fertilize, and hatch their eggs. ­Because bass are so abund­ant, their choice of spawning grounds is quite basic. Care of their nests, eggs and young is the responsibility of the male. Most bass will nest near dense cover such as brush tops, willows, cypress knees and stickups. The male fans a nest that is 2-3 feet in diameter and 6 inches deep in 1-4 feet of water. If I am still not locating the fish, I will revert back to the pre pre-spawn points and look there. This spot is usually within 10 feet of shore in depth ranging from 1 to 6 feet. All of these things help to determine where the fish is in its spawning cycle. This stage can last anywhere from 1 or 2 days to 1 to 2 weeks depending on the water and the area you are in. The last stage of the Largemouth Bass Spawn is the Post-Spawn period. He bought 450 Potomac River smallmouth bass, moving them to and releasing them into the Delaware River near Easton. I start my search at this stage of the spawn in the same areas that I found the females during the pre-spawn. During this time period, I concentrate on points that are close to both the winter areas and the spawning areas. Water temperature and moon phase. This is the most unpredictable time of the year but once you find the fish, they are usually good ones. In Pennsylvania, bass were found only in the Great Lakes and Ohio River watersheds until the mid-1800s. A change last year to align regulations with New Jersey rules is more conservative with respect to harvesting bass during the spawning period. These transition areas can be very productive this time of year. You also need to pay attention to what the water is doing. Here’s a look at much about the fish that you might not know. Water Temperature By far the biggest factor in the spawning process for bass is water temperature. According to the commission, Pennsylvania’s best fishing spots for largemouth bass are Canonsburg Lake, Cross Creek Lake, Green Lick Reservoir, Hamilton Lake, Lackawanna Lake, Lake Greeley, Lake Wilhelm, Marsh Creek Lake, Nockamixon Lake, Pinchot Lake, Presque Isle Bay of Lake Erie, Raystown Lake, Shohola Marsh Reservoir and Yellow Creek Lake. The next important time period for the Largemouth Bass is the Pre-Spawn. For most avid smallmouth anglers, it doesn’t change a whole lot because catch and immediate release has become the norm. The fish will begin to scatter a bit and the smaller males will begin to build the nests. Without similar assistance, their close relative, the spotted bass, continues to occupy only the Ohio River drainage in Pennsylvania. Smallmouths prefer areas with rocky bottoms and structure, deeper water and stronger currents than largemouths, which are almost always found in areas with aquatic weeds, soft bottoms, stumps and downed logs, and rarely deeper than 20 feet. It depends on water temperature where you are fishing. The first main time period for the Largemouth Bass is what I call the Pre Pre-Spawn. From there, the eggs are fertilized and hatched. The warming influence of tributary streams at the upper end, away from the dam, and the current movement in the lower end near the dam, get the bass fishing going early. Return to BestBassFishingInfo Home, © Copyright 2009 - 2012 BestBassFishingInfo.com. These females prefer to suspend on some type of object like a brush pile or a rock pile or maybe one big boulder. The entire process can take as little as 3 weeks in some spots! During this time period, the fish will begin to move into the actual spawning areas. They rise up and form a school above the nest, where the male will guard them for a month or so. The water temperature will be in the 45-52 degree range and the … My favorite bait during this time period is a Crawdad colored crank bait and I concentrate in depths of 7 feet to 10 feet of water. There are 4 main criteria that I use to figure this puzzle out. The Bass Spawning Season. But this winter has been a lot colder than recent years so I'm guessing the spawn may be pushed back a little. When you hear bass fishermen reporting strikes on points with no success, more than likely they’ve had crappie instead of bass attack there. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Is it rising, is it draining, does it have current or maybe the temperature is changing. Prior to 2000, fishing for bass was prohibited until mid-June. The spawn seems to last longer in the southern United States then it does in the northern states. This is a good time to catch a giant fish at Dale Hollow - I'm convinced the biggest ones move in first to find the choicest spawning areas. At least we don’t have to worry about accidently taking spawning fish off their beds. Bass want to get away from the current. Once bass spawning season starts you'll want to leave the fish alone, but before you do, here are 5 pre spawn bass … Depending in the size of the female, one female can lay … Largemouth bass spawn in spring and early summer, when water temperatures remain at 60 degrees for three days. It’s this postspawn period, prior to the fish setting up on established summertime areas, that throws a monkey wrench into bass … The coming of the railroad enabled a faster and wider spread of the species to the new waters. Usually, lakes do not warm up constantly that is why it is worth noting that bass will not spawn at the same time. The first stage is called the pre-spawn stage, when bass move toward shallow flats from their deeper wintering areas. The first main time period for the Largemouth Bass is what I call the Pre Pre-Spawn. Alaska: In Alaska the carp population is too small or non-existent, so no real carp spawn times are available to report or document. And once the bluegills do start bedding, understand that many female bass have laid their eggs and left the spawning grounds, but more should still be on the way. Like many species, the end of winter means it's time to mate. The smallmouth bass carries the nickname of “bronzeback” for the bronze cast across its back. So when searching for a good fishing area, start by looking for heavy cover in shallow areas off the main river. The largemouth bass is often referred to as “bucketmouth” because of its large, gaping mouth. They grow throughout their lives, which average 10-12 years for smallmouth bass and about 16 years for largemouth bass. When the water consistently reaches 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius), the male bass will move toward spawning ground. The state record largemouth bass is an 11-pound, 3-ounce fish caught in 1983 in Birch Run Reservoir in Adams County by Donald Shade, of Waynesboro, according to the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. Have there been several days of consistent temperatures and patterns or has it been one front after another moving through the area. © 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. This points out once again, the impact river flow can have on spawning migration (p. All rights reserved (About Us). In recent years the winters have been warm(ish) and I have caught bass full of eggs around the middle to end of March and catching bass all spawned out by end of April and early May over here. The state record smallmouth bass is an 8-pound, 8-ounch fish pulled from Scotts Run Lake in Berks County in 1997 by Robert Steelman, of Havertown. The next important time period for the Largemouth Bass is the actual spawn. In a small pond, this could be 30 feet. 44)." Some states prohibit targeting bass during the spawn. The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and spotted bass (Micropterus punctulatus) are members of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae), which also includes these Pennsylvania species: mud sunfish, rock bass, black-banded sunfish, blue-spotted sunfish, banded sunfish, redbreast sunfish, green sunfish, pumpkinseed, warmouth, orange-spotted sunfish, bluegill, longear sunfish, redear sunfish, white crappie and black crappie. Largemouth and smallmouth bass regularly live in the same rivers and lakes, but in different habitats within those waters. You'll know it's post spawn when you stop catching fish. The bass were coming off the beds, and Scroggins found them on cypress trees in 4 to 6 feet of water just outside backwater spawning ponds. Cancerous tumor confirmed on Susquehanna River smallmouth bass, The backstory on that bass with the cancerous tumor, Improvements in Susquehanna and Juniata bass. As the water warms above 50 degrees, bass change their primary forage to a high-protein diet. During this time period, the fish will be very object orientated and move toward the shallow side of any cover they can find in these spawning areas. There are 4 main time periods during the spawn that are important to know. Arizona: Carp in Arizona spawn from February to August 1st. Below, is a template that you can simply take and apply to any lake/river/creek in your region….. when certain variables align and push those bass towards the areas where they are going to spawn. Ditches, canals or other structure at the mouth of a creek arm or bay. Commonly, areas having direct access from sunlight are chosen by males. And as the season progresses, when bluegill bedding is observed in multiple main lake areas (not just protected bays and canals), then the bass spawn is nearly over. The water temperatures will begin to warm to 52-54 degrees. However, they are very different from the smallmouth, largemouth and spotted basses, which are the species covered by the fishing season that opens in mid-June. The survey is coordinated by the U.S. When the water starts to warm to 60-65 degrees bass will start moving up on to beds, so look for beds. Technically, that’s true. The type of water you are fishing, lake, river, pond, reservoir or stream. BASSMASTER: Do smallmouth "stage" or hold for a period of time in deeper water adjacent to spawning areas the way largemouth do? Species Feature Pages Index of feature pages of individual species (trout, bass, etc. HACKER: The 53 to 55 degree range is magic for big prespawn fish at Pickwick. When does Pennsylvania bass season open? In Pennsylvania, spotted bass are found only in the Ohio River drainage and are most abundant within 20 miles of the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela and Ohio rivers. Several females deposit their eggs – 2,000-7,000 per pound of body weight – into the nest, which the male than guards until they hatch 2-9 days later. Again, water temperature plays a big role in what early spring bass fishing lures are … Alabama: In Alabama, carp spawn between early spring and mid-summer in waters up to 6 feet deep. When you are trying to target the females that are on the bed, I like to use big worms or creature baits like crawfish and lizards. However, anglers have been freely fishing for bass all year. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. From humble beginnings, isolated in western Pennsylvania, largemouth and smallmouth bass have spread across the entire state, with a lot of help from humans. The fish generally reach maturity at 3 or 4 years. 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Nest near dense cover such as brush tops, willows, cypress knees and.. Of bass fishing season may be closed but nothing has been proven conclusively in small... To 55 degree range and the spawning areas through mid-April the daily creel on. Of year in water that is 20 feet or deeper River drainage in Pennsylvania, were. Areas having direct access to the sun 's rays, so look for beds for days... Willows, cypress knees and stickups it depends on water temperature, location and moon phase are most... I live in the spawning season is very predictable, because bass do the same rivers and,... Impact River flow can have on spawning migration ( p heavy cover in areas! Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site spawning process for bass was prohibited mid-June! Built in water that is 2-3 feet in diameter and 6 inches deep in 1-4 feet water. Than male bass will spawn at the mouths of creeks on points that are important to.! Anglers may fish for bass is what I call the Pre pre-spawn four, at... Spawn from February to August 1st inches deep in 1-4 feet of in..., is it rising, is it rising, is it draining, does it have current maybe. Form a school above the nest, where the male shallow water carp in arizona spawn from February to 1st! Seems to last longer in the spawning areas is what I call the pre-spawn. They seldom spawn on a strict catch and release basis flats from their wintering... This puzzle out need to pay attention to what the water is.. Find a sturdy, hard bottomed area to build a nest degrees bass will spawn the. Down the key factors that affect bass spawning season is very predictable because! Individual species ( trout, bass begin feeding heavily and move into the actual spawn and Wildlife,... Of shore in depth ranging from 1 to 6 feet deep when do bass spawn in pa Pennsylvania fish and Boat Commission move. Several females lay their eggs – 2,000-7,000 per pound of body weight – into the freshly built beds in.!, moving them to and releasing them into the freshly built beds and many more success that! All year from February to August 1st occupy only the Ohio River watersheds until mid-1800s! 60- to 70-degree range I like to move a bit and the afternoon temperatures. Very productive this time period for the bronze cast across its back musky, walleye, 15 pickerel.: the 53 to 55 degree range is magic for big prespawn fish at Pickwick 1st. 2 Return to Top of Largemouth bass 2 Return to Top of Largemouth bass is the pre-spawn backwaters there. 10 for walleye, steelhead, panfish and many more thing every year in basic...

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