deception in research ethics

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Deception in the context of not revealing the researcher’s perspective or full intention should not be understood as an exception to the general principle of respect for free and informed consent; nor, however, should it restrict a researcher from conducting legitimate critical inquiry, provided that the researcher meets all of the requirements of TCPS Article 3.7A and B. 0000007432 00000 n The key over-arching principle in research ethics as it is discussed in the Tri-council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) is respect for human dignity, of which an important component is respect for free and informed consent; that individuals should be in a position to make a genuinely free and informed choice as to whether or not to participate in a research study. The APA ethics code states that a psychologist should not use deception unless the ends justify the means. Deception research is an ethical dilemma in itself. It can be used anytime c. If there is deception in a study, the participants may need to be debriefed d. The use of deception must be outweighed by other benefits of the study e. Both c and d are true 5. Upholding individuals' rights to confidentiality and privacy is a … Participants may not know that they are part of a research project until it is over or they may be asked to perform a task and told about only one of several elements the researchers are observing. Disclose personal or financial interests that may affect research. For instance, a researcher might truthfully explain to a participant the general topic of the research, but not be able to explain the specific focus of the study at the outset, at risk of altering the phenomenon in question. trailer<<27bf727c6158c947abf8412484c47357>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 43 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj<. Each of the deceptive elements of the study should be necessary, with a clear rationale to back this up. The conditions for those circumstances are that (a) no other nondeceptive method exists to study the phenomenon of interest, (2) the study possesses significant contributions, and (3) the deception is not expected to cause significant harm or severe emotional distress. Types of deception include (i) deliberate misleading, e.g. The deception employed in the studies was considered necessary since describing the true purpose of the research/procedures would prime participants to think about health and/or invalidate the measures. This is where participants are misled or wrongly informed about the aims of the research. In psychological studies, ethical issues associated with deception have always the major concern area. Deception Deception. 0000007671 00000 n The long term effect of carrying on performing similar studies would be destructive for research without deception. Therefore, deception can be used if the outcome of the study outweighs the potential harm of deceptive tactics. Research involving active deception should be relatively low risk and, should not involve therapeutic interventions, or highly vulnerable groups and sensitive topics. 30 Citations. Ethics is one of the most crucial areas of research, with deception and research increasingly becoming a crucial area of discussion between psychologists, philosophers and ethical groups. Deception can range from mild deception such as a slight misrepresentation of the study purpose or incorrect duration of the study session to a more severe deception such as giving false feedback to participants about themselves or t… Such issues should be carefully articulated in a protocol, and carefully navigated and negotiated in the field. Any perceived benefit from taking a placebo is due to a combination of factors, mostly biased observation and non-specific effects, collectively referred to as the placebo effect. %PDF-1.4 %���� 42 0 obj <> endobj xref 42 13 0000000016 00000 n These critics say that arguments for justification tend to downplay the risks involved and overstate the benefits from … The IRB accepts the need for certain types of studies to employ strategies that include deception. If participants do have concerns, however, they should be in a position to contact the Research Ethics Board (REB), and the researcher should work with the REB to address any issues. What Qualifies as an Eligible Expense for a Research Award? A placebo is a biologically inactive treatment, such as a sugar pill. Participants should be provided with a complete, plain-language debriefing that explains very frankly: which elements of the study were deceptive, how the study relates to a broader, important area of knowledge, Once participants have been fully debriefed, they should be given the opportunity to re-consent to the use of their data, so it is clear that they have in fact given informed consent, and understand that they are otherwise free to withdraw their data. Giving false information or intentionally misleading is also referred to as active deception or deception by commission. Some types of research can be carried out only if the participants do not know the true purpose of the research in advance. 1 Altmetric. Carefulness . Deception also includes not informing participants of the full design or true purpose of the research even if they are not actively misinformed (Sieber, Iannuzzo, & Rodriguez, 19… In situations where the researcher does not plan on debriefing participants and/or intends to not inform prospective participants that they are in a study at all, s/he must justify and the REB consider why this proposal is appropriate from potential harm and research feasibility perspectives. Categories: Deception Ethics Research. Researchers should provide a plan to disseminate information about the study to participants and their communities, if possible. In addition, it educates and monitors scientists conducting research to ensure a high ethical standard. 0000006121 00000 n What Happens If A Research Award is Overspent? The ethics of using deception in research are discussed, and Aguinis and Handelsman's (1997) arguments that research using the bogus pipeline (BPL), in particular, is … 0000007920 00000 n The use of deceptive techniques is common in social science research. Following is true about the study very carefully the proposals that use deception unless the ends justify the.... Aims of the study should be relatively low risk and, should not use deception unless the justify... With deception have always the major concern area may need to be addressed through the debriefing include the is. Research is so valuable that it justifies the use of deception the aims of the study, should use! One area where balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and validity against ethics is always a very difficult process participants. Work and the work of your peers entail less deception in research ethics full disclosure at the outset, but involve! 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